The Ministry of State for Public Service (MSPS) has its origin in the Establishments Division, which was created in 1947 in the then Office of the Chief Secretary. The Ministry has a critical role in the administration of the Civil Service and is currently under the Office of the Prime Minister. It deals and handles all matters related to manpower requirements, management improvement, staff development, personnel administration and training programmes for all Ministries and Departments.
The Ministry is headed by a Minister, an Assistant Minister and a Permanent Secretary.
The Ministry performs its functions supported by four divisions namely; the Human Resource Management, Human Resource Development, Management Consultancy Services and the Finance and Administration. The Ministry also manages four institutions namely: Government Training Institutes of Matuga, Embu, Baringo and Mombasa besides overseeing other state corporations i.e. Kenya Institute of Administration (KIA) and the Kenya Learning Development Centre (KLDC).
Before independence, the Division carried out what was then considered as personnel work that involved recruitment, postings, promotions, salaries, advances, leave, passages, etc. These services and requirements were framed to suit the then Colonial Civil Service. At the time, the emphasis was laid on directives received from the Colonial Office to ensure consistency and equity in the application of rules to individual officers.
The advent of independence brought a new impetus to the personnel management function in Government which led to the localization of the Civil Service and the establishment of the Service and Training Branch. This brought about the introduction of training programmes that were meant to prepare Kenyan citizens for the upper and middle level posts in the Civil Service at that time. Massive training programmes for common cadre personnel, i.e. administrative, accounts, executive, clerical, secretarial personnel were mounted to enable officers acquire necessary skills